The Outback is the majority of the Australian landscape away, mostly, from the coast but some coastal areas can also be genuinely regarded as being ‘outback’. Very few people live in the outback because the climate is harsh and communications, particularly in the internet age, are fairly poor.
Americans like to talk about how everything is big in Texas but in Australia we have a few cattle properties (I guess and American would call them ranches) which are actually bigger than the entire state of Texas. This is why Australian cattlemen use helicopters to round up and drive cattle when they need attention or are to be sold.
Helicopters used for cattle (and camel) round up are flown very low and the job can be quite dangerous. To watch a helicopter round up is to experience a rollercoaster of excitement.
Many years ago, in the 1800’s, Australia imported a small number of camels and Afghani cameleers to manage them. They provided transport into the outback before there were roads or any other form of communication. When road trains, railways and aircraft began to be developed the need for the camels ceased and they were allowed to run wild. And they bred! Now the Australian outback is being overrun with camels, very big and very healthy camels, so it came about that some Australians began to round up camels and export them to the Middle East. I know the bloke who started this and he has described to me what it was like when it all began. Of course the business was quite speculative then and has had periods of no activity.
The camels have been exported for use in racing and for slaughtering for their meat. But Australia still has far too many camels in country that was never meant for them. They muddy water holes and make them unavailable for the animals that would normally use them, so efforts are being made to bring the camel population down to a manageable number.
The Afghani cameleers brought Islam to Australia and as a result we have hundreds of mosques here, many of them much older than most Australians would believe.
Australian Mosque, built sometime between 1861 and 1882. It has been abandoned for a long time now.
Here is a much more modern and still used mosque in a Sydney suburb:
The interior of this mosque is quite beautiful, spectacular.
Australia is, and has long been, a very culturally diverse country, a fact that I revel in and greatly enjoy. There are quite a few descendants of the original cameleers living in Australia now.